Trigger points can be caused by a variety of injuries and are formed when the muscle gets stuck in a contracted state. Repetitive motion and related micro trauma, bone fracturing, sudden strain, or a crush injury are just some examples of what can cause a trigger point. Myofascial refers to the areas of the body where muscle meets and intertwines with connective tissues. When an area in the muscles, tendons or associated fascia become irritated and contract, it is called a myofascial trigger point. Trigger points can be extremely painful and can last for a lifetime if they go untreated. That’s where trigger point injection treatment comes in.
Trigger point injection involves inserting a small needle into a central point of pain on the body. This needle may or may not contain medication. This effective procedure provides fast relief for myofascial pain and other conditions including fibromyalgia. Injections promote relaxation of tensed muscles and help increase blood flow to the affected area.
Healing Your Trigger Points
Take the first step towards healing by contacting Blatman Health and Wellness today to discuss trigger point injection therapy. One of our trained practitioners will examine your body and locate any trigger point areas that need addressing. Trigger points can be felt within small, ropey areas of tightness where the muscles are banded together. The trigger point itself is typically located at the tightest area of the ropey bands. Trigger points can cause pain, numbness, headaches and a variety of other unpleasant sensations. Trigger point therapy is essential to heal the injury and allow the muscle system to return to a state of homeostasis.
Trigger Point Injection Therapy for Back Pain
If you are experiencing back pain, trigger point injection therapy may provide relief. A local anesthetic or saline, can be injected into trigger points along the spine, inactivating those trigger points to provide pain relief. Corticosteroids weaken tissue and perhaps should not be used for trigger point injections.
If you are allergic to certain medications, “dry needling” may be necessary, where the injection is made without any medicine. The needle injection itself may be enough to ease muscle contraction and reduce inflammation.
Similar injection therapies may be effective in treating pain points in the neck, upper/central back and lower back.
What Do the Injections Contain?
An injection for a trigger point could contain a number of medications, or if allergies are an issue sometimes no medications at all. Most contain either anesthetics or corticosteroids, as well as other medications.
For anesthetic injection, lidocaine, procaine, prilocaine and tropisetron are common. These are used to temporarily numb the affected muscles and relieve the pain.
Corticosteroids injections contain potent anti-inflammatory medications cortisone. These can limit the dilation of blood vessels in the affected muscle and prevent the accumulation of immune cells around the infected tissue. They also limit the body’s production of prostaglandin hormones that naturally cause inflammation as part of the healing process.