Prolotherapy is also known as “proliferation therapy,” “regenerative injection therapy,” or “proliferative injection therapy”. It involves injecting an otherwise non-pharmacological and non-active irritant solution into the body, generally in the region of tendons or ligaments for the purpose of strengthening weakened connective tissue and alleviating musculoskeletal pain.
Prolotherapy (PROLiferation therapy) involves the injection of an irritant solution into an area where connective tissue has been weakened or damaged through injury or strain. Many solutions are used, including dextrose (a sugar), lidocaine (a commonly used local anesthetic), phenol, glycerine, or cod liver oil extract. The injection is given into joints or tendons where they connect to bone.
Prolotherapy treatment sessions are generally given every three to six weeks. Many patients receive treatment at less and less frequent intervals until treatments are rarely required, if at all.